Int J Hyperthermia. 2005 Aug;21(5):421-31.
Smith RC1, Rosen KM, Pola R, Magrané J.
Environmental and genetic conditions can cause proteins to misfold or to accumulate abnormally due to impaired clearance. The chaperones which include heat shock proteins, aid survival by preventing protein mis-folding and the formation of cytotoxic protein aggregates. An increasing number of studies point to important roles for molecular chaperones in the biology of neurodegenerative diseases. Heat shock proteins can suppress neurotoxicity in animal models of Parkinson’s and polyglutamine diseases, suggesting potential new therapeutic approaches in neurodegenerative disorders associated with abnormal protein folding and toxicity. Recent findings suggest that heat shock proteins can also be neuroprotective in Alzheimer’s disease, but this area of research remains largely unexplored. This paper will review the literature related to the role of heat shock proteins in Alzheimer’s disease.